The Magnificence of the Cathedral of Barcelona: A Comprehensive Guide
If you’re planning a trip to Barcelona, Spain, make sure to add the Cathedral of Barcelona to your itinerary. Also known as the Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia, it is a gothic masterpiece that has stood the test of time for over 700 years. In this article, we will delve into the Cathedral of Barcelona history, facts, and travel guide of the Cathedral of Barcelona, so you can have a fulfilling experience when you visit this awe-inspiring cathedral.
Table of Contents
History of the Cathedral of Barcelona
The Foundation of the Cathedral
The Cathedral of Barcelona was founded in the 13th century, with the construction starting in 1298. The cathedral was built on the site of a former Visigothic church and a Romanesque cathedral. The architects who designed the cathedral took inspiration from other Gothic cathedrals in Europe, such as Notre-Dame in Paris and Westminster Abbey in London.
The Construction of the Cathedral
The construction of the Cathedral of Barcelona took over 150 years to complete. Different architects were responsible for different parts of the cathedral, resulting in a mix of architectural styles. The main façade, for example, is a prime example of Catalan Gothic architecture, while the choir stalls and the cloister are representative of Renaissance and Baroque styles.
The Cathedral’s Patron Saint
The Cathedral of Barcelona is dedicated to Saint Eulalia, a young Christian girl who was martyred during the Roman Empire’s persecution of Christians. Her remains are buried in the crypt of the cathedral, and visitors can pay their respects to her.
The Cathedral Today
The Cathedral of Barcelona has undergone several renovations and restorations over the years. It is now considered one of the most significant Gothic structures in the world, with over 2.5 million visitors each year.
Facts of the Cathedral of Barcelona
The Cathedral’s Bell Tower
The Cathedral of Barcelona has a bell tower that offers stunning views of the city. Visitors can climb the 215 steps to reach the top of the bell tower, where they can admire the city’s panoramic views.
The Gothic Cloister
The Gothic cloister of the Cathedral of Barcelona is home to 13 white geese, which represent Saint Eulalia’s age at the time of her martyrdom. Visitors can see the geese walking around the cloister, which is also an oasis of tranquility in the bustling city.
The crypt of the Cathedral of Barcelona houses the remains of Saint Eulalia, along with other saints and bishops. The crypt’s eerie ambiance adds to the cathedral’s mystical charm.
The Cathedral’s Organ
The Cathedral of Barcelona has one of the largest organs in the world, with over 4000 pipes. The organ’s music fills the cathedral during religious services, creating an awe-inspiring experience for visitors.
Travel Guide to the Cathedral of Barcelona
Location and Opening Hours
The Cathedral of Barcelona is located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona, and it is open every day from 8 am to 7:30 pm. Visitors can enter the cathedral for free, but there is an admission fee to enter the choir, the rooftop, and the cloister. Visitor can ouraches the Cathedral Of Barcelona tickets online.
Visitors to the Cathedral of Barcelona should dress appropriately, covering their shoulders and knees. The cathedral’s staff may refuse entry to visitors who are not dressed appropriately.
Tips for Visiting
Visitors to the Cathedral of Barcelona should allocate at least 2 hours to explore the cathedral’s different sections. It is recommended to visit early in the morning or late in the afternoon to avoid crowds. Visitors should also consider taking a guided tour to learn more about the cathedral’s history and architecture.